Coir fiber comes from the fibrous husk of the inner shell of a coconut. Creating coir takes time since the husks must soak until the fibers separate, but this material has many uses. While you may be familiar with coir and its use in stiff fiber doormats, it is now being used in many other ways.

Brown and White Fibre

Coir fiber two different types brown and white. Brown coir is the most common and comes from the inner shell of mature coconuts. It is dark in color and very strong. White coir, on the other hand, comes from unripened green coconuts and must soak in water for more than 10 months before the fibers separate. White coir is not as strong as brown coir but offers more flexibility.

Coir Fibre

Coco coir looks and feels like traditional soil, but retains more moisture, thus keeping your plant roots from drying out. Coir also repels most insects, creating a natural pest management system for your garden.


Coir woven textiles are applied to the ground in areas prone to erosion. The textile absorbs water, helps seed germination, and promotes new vegetation growth. coir fibers are typically used for rope because of its strength and flexibility.

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Production Process

Green coconuts, harvested after about six to 12 months on the palm, contain pliable white fibres. Brown fibre is instead obtained by harvesting fully mature coconuts when the nutritious layer surrounding the seed is ready to be processed into copra and desiccated coconut. The fibrous layer of the fruit is then separated from the hard shell (manually) by driving the fruit down onto a spike to split it (dehusking). A well-seasoned husker can manually separate 2,000 coconuts per day. Machines are now available which crush the whole fruit to give the loose fibres. These machines can process up to 2,000 coconuts per hour.

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